Minority Health Archive

HIV Risk Reduction Among African-American Women Who Inject Drugs: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Sterk, Claire E and Theall, Katherine P and Elifson, Kirk W and Kidder, Daniel (2003) HIV Risk Reduction Among African-American Women Who Inject Drugs: A Randomized Controlled Trial. AIDS and Behavior, 7 (1). pp. 73-86.

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Abstract

A community-based HIV intervention for African-American women who are active injection drug users (IDUs) was evaluated. Seventy-one women (aged 20–54 years) were randomly assigned to one of two enhanced gender- and culturally specific intervention conditions or to the NIDA standard condition. Substantial decreases (p < .001) were found in the frequency of drug use and the frequency of drug injection as well as in the sharing of injection works or water and the number of injections. Trading sex for drugs or money, having sex while high, as well as other sexual risk behaviors were also reduced significantly. Furthermore, women in both enhanced intervention conditions were more likely to reduce their drug-using and sexual risk behaviors than were women in the standard condition. Results indicate the value of including additional components in interventions designed to reduce the risk of infection with HIV among women who inject drugs.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); women; crack cocaine; risk reduction; intervention; HIV; females
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > HIV/Aids
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Illegal Drug Use
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Sexual Habits
Practice
Research > studies
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Kismet Loftin-Bell
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 11:43
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/504

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