Minority Health Archive

From Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Smoking

Ellickson, Phyllis L and Orlando, Maria and Tucker, Joan S and Klein, David J (2004) From Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Smoking. American Journal of Public Health, 94 (2). pp. 293-299. ISSN 0090-0036

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Objectives. We used data gathered from 6259 youths between the ages of 13 and 23 years to compare trends in smoking among 4 racial/ethnic groups. Methods. We weighted trend data to represnet baseline respondent characteristics and evaluated these data with linear contrasts derived from multiple regression analyses. Results. Although African Americans exhibited higher initiation rates than Whites, they exhibited consistently lower rates of regular smoking than both Whites and Hispanics. This seeming anomaly was explained by African Americans' lower rates of transition to regular smoking and greater tendency to quit. Racial/ethnic disparities were accounted for by differences in pro-smoking influences. Conclusions. Reducing racial/ethnic disparities in smoking may require reducing differences in the psychosocial factors that encourage smoking.

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescents, smoking, racial/ethnic disparities, black, African American, white, Caucasian, Hispanic, Latino
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Prenatal & Pediatric Health
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
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Depositing User: Kismet Loftin-Bell
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2011 18:30
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/474

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