Minority Health Archive

Evaluation of physical fitness and weight status among fisherwomen in relation to their occupational workload

Sengupta , P (2014) Evaluation of physical fitness and weight status among fisherwomen in relation to their occupational workload. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Heath, 4. pp. 261-268.

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Fisherwomen contribute significantly to the coastal economy of Eastern India; however, data about their physical fitness and weight status are scant. OBJECTIVES: The present cross-sectional study was designed to investigate cardiorespiratory fitness and weight status of fisherwomen, which may be influenced by their occupational workload, using morphometric and anthropometric measures. METHODS: The study was conducted among young fisherwomen (mean age 23.7 years) randomly selected from Araku, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, and among young women who are not engaged in the fishing industry but are residents of Araku, who served as controls (mean age 21.3 years). Measurements of body composition included several anthropometric variables, while physical efficiency parameters included a physical fitness index (PFI), VO2max, total energy expenditure, and anaerobic capacity. RESULTS: A significant difference (p<0.05) in body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA), body fat percentage, diastolic blood pressure, fitness index, total energy expenditure, and anaerobic power was found in fisherwomen compared with controls. Analysis of collected data showed that the majority of the fisherwomen studied have a normal range of BMI (42%), but 6% of them were found to be mildly overweight. They also showed lower fat mass (13.5 [ ± 3.87]kg) and lower waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and conicity index. Additionally, they were found to have a moderate level of physical fitness (64.3 [ ± 1.97]%) and a higher total energy expenditure (4.92 [ ± 0.52]k.cal.min(-2)). CONCLUSION: This study implies that physical fitness and weight status of young fisherwomen in Eastern India are influenced by their occupational workload.


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    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical fitness; Harvard step test; Anaerobic power; Body fat; Visakhapatnam
    Subjects: Health > Global Health
    Health > Public Health
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Mr. Pallav Sengupta
    Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 14:34
    Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 14:34
    Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/4232

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