Minority Health Archive

Exploring Unconscious Bias in Disparities Research and Medical Education

van Ryn, M. and Saha, S. (2011) Exploring Unconscious Bias in Disparities Research and Medical Education. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 306 (9). pp. 995-996. ISSN 0098-7484

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Abstract

The evidence that physician behavior and decision making may contribute to racial inequalities in health care1,2,3,4,5 is difficult to reconcile with the fact that most physicians are genuinely motivated to provide good care to all their patients.6 This apparent contradiction can cause considerable cognitive dissonance, the uncomfortable feeling that occurs when holding 2 conflicting ideas simultaneously. Cognitive dissonance has been shown to be so aversive that people are highly motivated to resolve it, often by discounting the evidence supporting one of the conflicting beliefs. For scientists, however, cognitive dissonance motivates inquiry into how 2 seemingly contradictory sets of facts can coexist. The study by Haider and colleagues 7 in this issue of JAMA is part of a growing body of work applying concepts and methods from cognitive and social psychology to medical care and education research to understand and inform …


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH, DECISION MAKING, DIAGNOSIS, HEALTHCARE DISPARITIES, PREJUDICE, RACE, SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS, STUDENTS, MEDICAL
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Research
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    Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
    Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2011 17:03
    Last Modified: 08 Sep 2011 17:03
    Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/3214

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