Minority Health Archive

Allostatic load and health disparities: A theoretical orientation

Carlson, E.D. and Chamberlain, R.M. (2005) Allostatic load and health disparities: A theoretical orientation. Research in Nursing & Health, 28 (4). pp. 306-315. ISSN 0160-6891

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Abstract

Eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities requires restructuring the biomedical models that have focused on the individual as the level of analysis and emphasized the parts rather than the whole. A recently developed understanding of human physiology and adaptive regulation, constructs of allostasis and allostatic load, provides a theoretical orientation that needs to be explored. Thus, the purpose of this article is to present an orientation of allostasis and allostatic load as a theoretical framework for exploring health disparities. This article will (a) present a general background on the evolution of relevant physiologic theories, (b) offer the general theoretical definitions and explanations of allostasis, allostatic load, and mediation processes, (c) examine empirical evidence for the constructs, and (d) discuss the implications of this orientation for health disparities research.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: allostatic load;health disparities;complexity theory;African American
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Stress
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2011 16:01
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2011 16:01
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/3110

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