Minority Health Archive

Mortality Trends and Disparities Among Racial/Ethnic and Sex Subgroups in New York City, 1990 to 2000

Freeman, Katherine and Zonszein, Joel and Islam, Nadia and Blank, Arthur E. and Strelnick, Alvin H. (2011) Mortality Trends and Disparities Among Racial/Ethnic and Sex Subgroups in New York City, 1990 to 2000. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 13 (3). pp. 546-554. ISSN 1557-1912

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Abstract

New York City census data for 1990 and 2000 for all-cause and disease-specific mortality adjusted by age were examined by race/ethnicity. Primary cause of death was coded as HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. For White, Black, Hispanic and Asian groups, relative mortality ratios (RMR) were derived for 2000 relative to 1990. Ratios of RMR’s for minority groups were derived relative to Whites. From 1990 to 2000, HIV, cancer, CVD, CHD, AMI, and stroke-related mortality decreased. Decreases in HIV-related mortality were notably less for minority males. Diabetes mortality rates rose dramatically, with Hispanic and Asian males having notably greater increases than White males. Increases in mortality among Asians exceeded those of other groups, and appear to correspond with increased immigration/acculturation. Mortality shifts among different diseases and racial groups should alert public health officials to consider immigration patterns in designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions to prevent disease-related mortality, with a goal to eliminate disparities


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mortality – Mortality ratio – Disparities – Immigration
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2011 13:38
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2011 13:38
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/3098

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