Minority Health Archive

Development and Validation of Tools to Assess Genetic Discrimination and Genetically Based Racism

Parrott, Roxanne L and Silk, Kami J and Dillow, Megan R and Krieger, Janice L and Harris, Tina M and Condit, Celeste M (2005) Development and Validation of Tools to Assess Genetic Discrimination and Genetically Based Racism. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97 (7). pp. 980-990.

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It is possible that communication from mass media, public health or consumer advertising sources about human genetics and health may reify stereotypes of racialized social groups, perhaps cueing or exacerbating discriminatory and racist attitudes. This research used a multifaceted approach to assess lay perceptions of genetic discrimination and genetically based racism (N=644). Two tools for use in strategic planning efforts associated with communicating about human genetics and health, the genetic discrimination instrument (GDI) and the genetically based racism instrument (GBRI), were derived. The GDI emerged as having five dimensions associated with lay perceptions of genetic discrimination. The GBRI was found to be unidimensional. Scale validation activities supported the tools’ concurrent and discriminant validity characteristics. Significant differences between blacks and whites on the criminal control rights, social reproductive rights and employer rights factors as well as the GBRI were found. We recommend application of these screening tools prior to national dissemination of messages associated with genes and disease susceptibility, including school and university-based curricula.

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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: genetic discrimination instrument development, racism and genetics, racism, genetics, health communication
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Practice > interventions
Research > Genetics and Race
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Depositing User: Kismet Loftin-Bell
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2005
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2011 13:22
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/293

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