Minority Health Archive

Risk factors for obesity and high blood pressure in Chinese American children: maternal acculturation and children's food choices.

Chen, Jyu-Lin and Weiss, Sandra and Heyman, Melvin B and Lustig, Robert (2011) Risk factors for obesity and high blood pressure in Chinese American children: maternal acculturation and children's food choices. Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health, 13 (2). pp. 268-275. ISSN 1557-1920

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore risk factors associated with overweight and high blood pressure in Chinese American children. Students and their parents were recruited from Chinese language schools in the San Francisco Bay Area. Data were collected on 67 children and their mothers, and included children's weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure, level of physical activity, dietary intake, usual food choice, knowledge about nutrition and physical activity, and self-efficacy regarding diet and physical activity. Mothers completed questionnaires on demographic data and acculturation. About 46% of children had a body mass index exceeding the 85th percentile. Lower level of maternal acculturation is a risk factor for overweight and higher waist to hip ratio. Children's unhealthy food choices were predictive of high body mass index and high systolic blood pressure, whereas older age and less physical activity in children were predictors of high diastolic blood pressure. Developing culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate interventions to reduce overweight and high blood pressure is critical to reduce health disparities among minority children.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obesity – Blood pressure – Chinese-American – Children – Maternal acculturation – Children’s food choice
Subjects: Health > Nutrition
Health > Prenatal & Pediatric Health
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Hypertension
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Obesity
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2011 17:04
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2011 17:04
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2920

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