Minority Health Archive

Understanding social inequalities in health.

Marmot, Michael G (2003) Understanding social inequalities in health. Perspectives in biology and medicine, 46 (3 Supp). S9-23. ISSN 0031-5982

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A prominent feature of health in all industrialized countries is the social gradient in health and disease. Many observers believe that this gradient is simply a matter of poor health for the disadvantaged and good health for everyone else, but this is an inadequate analysis. The Whitehall Study documented a social gradient in mortality rates, even among people who are not poor, and this pattern has been confirmed by data from the United States and elsewhere. The social gradient in health is influenced by such factors as social position; relative versus absolute deprivation; and control and social participation. To understand causality and generate policies to improve health, we must consider the relationship between social environment and health and especially the importance of early life experiences.

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: social gradient in health and disease, social position, relative versus absolute deprivation, control and social participation
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Disparities
Health > Policy
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2011 15:11
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2011 15:11
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2811

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