Minority Health Archive

An Ecological Perspective on Health Promotion Programs

McLeroy, K. R. and Bibeau, D. and Steckler, A. and Glanz, K. (1988) An Ecological Perspective on Health Promotion Programs. Health Education & Behavior, 15 (4). pp. 351-377. ISSN 1090-1981

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Abstract

During the past 20 years there has been a dramatic increase in societal interest in preventing disability and death in the United States by changing individual behaviors linked to the risk of contracting chronic diseases. This renewed interest in health promotion and disease prevention has not been without its critics. Some critics have accused proponents of life-style interventions of promoting a victim-blaming ideology by neglecting the importance of social influences on health and disease. This article proposes an ecological model for health promotion which focuses attention on both individual and social environmental factors as targets for health promotion interventions. It addresses the importance of interventions directed at changing interpersonal, organizational, community, and public policy, factors which support and maintain unhealthy behaviors. The model assumes that appropriate changes in the social environment will produce changes in individuals, and that the support of individuals in the population is essential for implementing environmental changes.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: chronic diseases, health promotion, ecological model
Subjects: Health
Health > Policy
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases
Practice > interventions
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2011 21:05
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2011 21:05
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2710

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