Minority Health Archive

Addressing Race and Genetics Health Disparities in the Age of Personalized Medicine

Rugnetta, Michael and Desai, Khusboo (2011) Addressing Race and Genetics Health Disparities in the Age of Personalized Medicine. Other. Science Progress.

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Abstract

The human genome sequence has been fully completed for a decade now and the price of full genome sequencing is dropping precipitously. Many believe that with these developments, a new era of personalized medicine is about to hit full speed. Personalized medicine is essentially “the use of genetic susceptibility or pharmacogenetic testing to tailor an individual’s preventive care or drug therapy,” although some definitions also include the development of patient outcomes research, health information technology, and care delivery models. Put more simply, it means the development of medicines and therapies tailored to patients’ unique genetic traits and risks. The field is evolving rapidly but many hurdles still remain. Individually tailored drugs based on a patient’s genetic makeup are far off, and the cost of developing drugs for genetic subpopulations with largely similar genetic traits for one or more diseases hinders developments in this arena. Similarly, the lack of standards surrounding direct-to-consumer genetic tests and the lack of robust, large-scale genomic data for many diseases and conditions are additional hurdles.


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Item Type: Report Document or other Monograph (Other)
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: human genome sequence, personalized medicine, genetic susceptibility, pharmacogenetic testing, Individually tailored drugs, Health disparities, minorities, access to health care
Subjects: Health > Health Equity > Access To Healthcare
Health > Disparities
Health > Pharmacotherapy
Research > Genetics and Race
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    Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
    Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2011 18:48
    Last Modified: 02 Jul 2011 18:48
    Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2652

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