Minority Health Archive

Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data

Pucher, J. and Buehler, R. and Bassett, D. R. and Dannenberg, A. L. (2010) Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data. American Journal of Public Health, 100 (10). pp. 1986-1992. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes. METHODS: We examined aggregate cross-sectional health and travel data for 14 countries, all 50 US states, and 47 of the 50 largest US cities through graphical, correlation, and bivariate regression analysis on the country, state, and city levels. RESULTS: At all 3 geographic levels, we found statistically significant negative relationships between active travel and self-reported obesity. At the state and city levels, we found statistically significant positive relationships between active travel and physical activity and statistically significant negative relationships between active travel and diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Together with many other studies, our analysis provides evidence of the population-level health benefits of active travel. Policies on transport, land-use, and urban development should be designed to encourage walking and cycling for daily travel.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: active travel, physical activity, obesity, diabetes, walking, cycling, daily travel
Subjects: Health > Policy
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Diabetes
Practice
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2011 16:42
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2011 16:42
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2621

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