Minority Health Archive

Neighborhood Racial Composition, Neighborhood Poverty, and the Spatial Accessibility of Supermarkets in Metropolitan Detroit

Zenk, S. N. and Schulz, A. J. and Israel, B. A. and James, S. A. and Bao, S. and Wilson, M. L. (2005) Neighborhood Racial Composition, Neighborhood Poverty, and the Spatial Accessibility of Supermarkets in Metropolitan Detroit. American Journal of Public Health, 95 (4). pp. 660-667. ISSN 0090-0036

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OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the spatial accessibility of large "chain" supermarkets in relation to neighborhood racial composition and poverty. METHODS: We used a geographic information system to measure Manhattan block distance to the nearest supermarket for 869 neighborhoods (census tracts) in metropolitan Detroit. We constructed moving average spatial regression models to adjust for spatial autocorrelation and to test for the effect of modification of percentage African American and percentage poor on distance to the nearest supermarket. RESULTS: Distance to the nearest supermarket was similar among the least impoverished neighborhoods, regardless of racial composition. Among the most impoverished neighborhoods, however, neighborhoods in which African Americans resided were, on average, 1.1 miles further from the nearest supermarket than were White neighborhoods. CONCLUSIONS: Racial residential segregation disproportionately places African Americans in more-impoverished neighborhoods in Detroit and consequently reduces access to supermarkets. However, supermarkets have opened or remained open close to middle-income neighborhoods that have transitioned from White to African American. Development of economically disadvantaged African American neighborhoods is critical to effectively prevent diet-related diseases among this population.

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: neighborhood racial composition, poverty, supermarkets, African Americans, Racial residential segregation
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Health Equity > Access To Healthy Foods
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2011 14:42
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 10:03
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2591

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