Minority Health Archive

Health disparities across the lifespan: meaning, methods, and mechanisms.

Adler, Nancy E and Stewart, Judith (2010) Health disparities across the lifespan: meaning, methods, and mechanisms. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1186. pp. 5-23. ISSN 1749-6632

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Abstract

Over the past two decades, exponential growth of empirical research has fueled markedly increased concern about health disparities. In this paper, we show the progression of research on socioeconomic status (SES) and health through several eras. The first era reflected an implicit threshold model of the association of poverty and health. The second era produced evidence for a graded association between SES and health where each improvement in education, income, occupation, or wealth is associated with better health outcomes. Moving from description of the association to exploration of pathways, the third era focused on mechanisms linking SES and health, whereas the fourth era expanded on mechanisms to consider multilevel influences, and a fifth era added a focus on interactions among factors, not just their main effects or contributions as mediators. Questions from earlier eras remain active areas of research, while later eras add depth and complexity.


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Item Type: Article
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Disparities
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 May 2011 15:37
Last Modified: 19 May 2011 15:37
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2477

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