Minority Health Archive

Do Biological Differences Help Explain Tobacco-Related Disparities?

Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J. and Benowitz, Neal L. (2011) Do Biological Differences Help Explain Tobacco-Related Disparities? American Journal of Health Promotion, 25 (sp5). S-8. ISSN 0890-1171

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Abstract

Smoking behaviors vary by age, educational level, economic status, gender, race/ethnicity, and geographic location. Results from national surveys in the United States have consistently shown substantial variation in smoking prevalence as well as cigarette consumption rates by these factors.1 Epidemiologic and behavioral research have identified patterns of higher smoking prevalence rates among men, whites and African-Americans, and persons with less than high school education among nonimmigrants.1 Immigrants from Latin America and Asia tend to have lower smoking prevalence rates, especially among women. In addition, nondaily smoking and smoking five or fewer cigarettes per day is common among nonwhite smokers.2 Tobacco researchers have tried to understand the behavioral and social aspects of why smoking rates and related diseases differ by race/ethnicity. The potential role of racial/ethnic differences in nicotine metabolism and response to cessation drug therapy has not been fully explored.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: nicotine metabolism, cessation drug therapy, genetics of nicotine dependence, race/ethnic group
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
Research > Genetics and Race
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 May 2011 15:18
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 16:08
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/2418

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