Minority Health Archive

Body and Soul: A Dietary Intervention Conducted Through African-American Churches

Resnicow, Ken and Campbell, Marci Kramish and Carr, Carol and McCarty, Frances and Wang, Terry and Periasamy, Santhi and Rehotep, Simone and Doyle, Colleen and Williams, Alexis and Stables, Gloria (2004) Body and Soul: A Dietary Intervention Conducted Through African-American Churches. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27 (2). pp. 97-105.

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    Objectives: Body and Soul was a collaborative effort among two research universities, a national voluntary agency (American Cancer Society), and the National Institutes of Health to disseminate and evaluate under real-world conditions the impact of previously developed dietary interventions for African Americans. Methods: Body and Soul was constructed from two successful research-based interventions conducted in African-American churches. Components deemed essential from the prior interventions were combined, and then tested in a cluster randomized–effectiveness trial. The primary outcome was fruit and vegetable intake measured with two types of food frequency questionnaires at baseline and 6-month follow-up. Results: At the 6-month follow-up, intervention participants showed significantly greater fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake relative to controls. Post-test differences were 0.7 and 1.4 servings for the 2-item and 17-item F&V frequency measures, respectively. Statistically significant positive changes in fat intake, motivation to eat F&V, social support, and efficacy to eat F&V were also observed. Conclusions: The results suggest that research-based interventions, delivered collaboratively by community volunteers and a health-related voluntary agency, can be effectively implemented under real-world conditions.

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    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: diet, intervention, African-Americans, churches, cancer, cardiovascular disease
    Subjects: Research
    Practice > outreach
    Health > Nutrition
    Practice > interventions
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    Depositing User: Kismet Loftin-Bell
    Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2005
    Last Modified: 03 May 2011 19:54
    Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/183

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