Minority Health Archive

An Ethnically Sensitive and Gender-Specific HIV/AIDS Assessment of African American Women- A Comparative Study of Urban and Rural American Communities

Williams, P Bassey and Ekundayo, Olugbemiga and Udezulu, Ifeyinwa E and Omisbakin, Ademola M (2003) An Ethnically Sensitive and Gender-Specific HIV/AIDS Assessment of African American Women- A Comparative Study of Urban and Rural American Communities. Family Community Health, 26 (2). pp. 108-123. ISSN 0160-6379

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Abstract

A prevention program that promotes attitudinal and behavioral change has been repeatedly recommended as an effective measure for community prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. Within the past decade, disease control programs among African Americans have shown no significant changes, as HIV/AIDS and related infections continue as the leading causes of death and disability in this population. It is particularly acute among African American females who, although representing only 13.9% of the United States female population, presently account for over 60% of all AIDS cases among females in the United States. The epidemic nature of the disease in this group poses the issue of African American women’s rights and underscores their physical, emotional and sociocultural vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. This study used an open-ended attitude, knowledge, feelings, and behavior questionnaire (AKFBQ) survey approach to assess knowledge and various HIV/AIDS high-risk attitudinal and behavioral factors that affect the incidence, mortality, and morbidity of HIV/AIDS amongwomen in specific urban centers and rural communities in the United States. Data analysis showed no differences in factors favoring rate of infection and level of spread of HIV/AIDS among the women in both the urban and rural communities. Although level of knowledge was higher among the urban subjects than rural ones, their beliefs, attitude/feelings, and potential for behavioral change did not differ significantly among women in the two communities. This article advocates both an ethnically sensitive and gender-specific HIV/AIDS intervention program for African American women and a more active involvement in and participation of African American leaders, parents, and faith-based communities in AIDS control efforts for African Americans.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: African American women, ethnically sensitive HIV interventions, health disparities, high-risk behavioral factors, HIV/AIDS
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > HIV/Aids
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Sexual Habits
Research > studies
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Kismet Loftin-Bell
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2005
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 11:53
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/165

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