Zenk, Shannon N. and Schulz, Amy J. and Israel, Barbara A. and James, Sherman A. and Bao, Shuming and Wilson, Mark L.
Objective: To compare the availability, selection, quality, and price of fresh fruit and vegetables at food stores in four Detroit-area communities: 1) predominately African American, low socioeconomic position (SEP); 2) racially heterogeneous, low SEP; 3) predominately African-American, middle SEP; and 4) racially heterogeneous, middle SEP. Design: Cross-sectional observational survey, conducted fall 2002. Setting: Detroit, Michigan Sample: Overall, 304 food stores located in the four communities were evaluated: chain grocery, large independent grocery, ‘‘momand- pop’’ grocery, specialty (meat, fruit and vegetable markets), convenience without gasoline, and liquor stores. Main Outcome Measures: Availability was indicated by whether a store carried fresh fruit or vegetables, selection was based on a count of 80 fruit and vegetables, quality was evaluated according to USDA guidelines for a subset of 20 fruit and vegetables, and price was assessed for 20 fruit and vegetables by using the lowest-cost method. Results: Mean quality of fresh produce was significantly lower in the predominately African-American, low-SEP community than in the racially heterogeneous, middle- SEP community. Differences in the types of stores present only partially explained this quality differential. The predominately African- American, low-SEP community had more than four times more liquor stores and fewer grocery stores per 100,000 residents than the racially heterogeneous, middle-SEP community. Mean overall selection and price of fresh produce at stores did not differ among communities. Conclusions: Increasing access to high-quality fresh produce in low-income communities of color is a critical first step toward improving health through better dietary practices in this population.
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|Uncontrolled Keywords:||African-American; Food Security; Fruit and Vegetables; Neighborhood; Nutrition; Racial Residential Segregation; Socioeconomic Status|
|Subjects:||Health > Health Equity > Access To Healthy Foods|
Health > Nutrition
|Depositing User:||Users 141 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||22 Dec 2008|
|Last Modified:||02 Jun 2011 10:49|
|Link to this item (URI):||http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/1268|
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