Delva, Jorge and Tellez, Marisol and Finlayson, Tracy L. and Gretebeck, Kimberlee A. and Siefert, Kristine and Williams, David R. and Ismail, Amid I.
Objective: This study examines individual and contextual correlates of cigarette smoking in a randomly selected, community-based sample of low-income African American women. Design: The study sample was selected by using a two-stage area probability sample design. Setting: Participants were recruited from .12,000 housing units selected from 39 census tracts in the city of Detroit. Participants: Participants for this study include a total of 921 women who completed the baseline assessment of a randomized clinical trial aimed at improving the oral health of African American families. Main Outcome Measures: Past month prevalence of cigarette use and number of cigarettes smoked during this period. Results: Data were analyzed with fixed-effects and multilevel statistics. Social support was the only variable associated, inversely, with current smoking. Self-reported feelings of anger were positively associated, though marginally, with current smoking. Between-neighborhood variance was small, and no neighborhood level variables were associated with cigarette smoking. Conclusions: Previously established risk factors did not predict cigarette use in this randomly selected, community-based sample of low-income African American women. Further research is needed to identify risk and protective factors that might be unique to low-income African American populations in order to better inform preventive and cessation interventions.
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|Uncontrolled Keywords:||African American; Cigarette Use; Low-Income; Women|
|Subjects:||Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use|
|Depositing User:||Users 141 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||10 Dec 2008|
|Last Modified:||27 May 2011 13:26|
|Link to this item (URI):||http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/1224|
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