Minority Health Archive

Diabetes Care Among Older Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives

Rhoades, Dorothy A. and Roubideaux, Yvette and Buchwald, Dedra (2004) Diabetes Care Among Older Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives. Ethnicity & Disease, 14 (4). pp. 574-579. ISSN 1049-510X

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of, and quality of care for, diabetes mellitus among the understudied, yet growing, population of older, urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Design: Medical record review. Setting: Urban Indian primary care clinic in Seattle, Washington. Patients: All (N5550) AI/AN patients >=50 years of age. Main Outcomes Measures: Provider-documented medical diagnoses and indicators of quality of care of diabetes. Results: Diabetes mellitus was documented in 113 (21%) of the medical records. Persons with diabetes were more likely than those without (P$.05) to be obese, and to have hypertension, coronary artery disease, and depression. Most patients with diabetes were treated with either insulin (43%) or oral hypoglycemic medication (39%), but 16% received neither. Screening rates within 12 months were high for glycosylated hemoglobin (72%), lipid profile (84%), and foot examination (72%), but were low for urinalysis (23%), ophthalmology referral (23%), and in¯uenza vaccination (46%). Only 46% of patients had ever received pneumococcal vaccination, and even fewer (26%) had received tuberculin skin testing (24%). Although 65% of patients had ever been referred to a dietitian, only 40% had received exercise counseling. The total number of health problems was the factor most often associated with quality of care indicators. Conclusions: The prevalence rate of diabetes among this urban clinic population of older AI/ANs was high. Although performance of quality indicators was suboptimal, it was comparable to, or better than, that found in other older populations for many measures.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: After clicking link, scroll down the page to find the article. This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aged; Indians North American; Quality of Care; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Urban
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Diabetes
Research
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Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2011 12:43
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/1184

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