Minority Health Archive

Ethnic Disparities in Blood Pressure Management in Patients With Hypertension After the Introduction of Pay for Performance

Millett, Christopher and Gray, Jeremy and Bottle, Alex and Majeed, Azeem (2008) Ethnic Disparities in Blood Pressure Management in Patients With Hypertension After the Introduction of Pay for Performance. ANNALS OF FAMILY MEDICINE, 6 (6). pp. 490-496.

Full text not available from this repository.


PURPOSE Little is known about the impact of pay-for-performance incentives on health care disparities. We examined ethnic disparities in the management of hypertension among patients with and without cardiovascular comorbidities after the implementation of a major pay-for-performance incentive scheme in UK primary care. METHODS We undertook a population-based, cross-sectional survey of medication prescriptions and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension using electronic medical records from 16 family practices in southwest London. RESULTS Black patients with hypertension were signifi cantly less likely to achieve an established treatment target for blood pressure control than white or South Asian patients (adjusted odds ratio, 0.86; 95% confi dence interval, 0.74-0.99). The prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities was higher among South Asian patients with hypertension than among their white or black counterparts (41.3% vs 28.5% vs 28.8%). The presence of 2 or more cardiovascular comorbidities was associated with signifi cantly improved blood pressure control among white patients but not among black or South Asian patients (mean systolic blood pressure, −9.4 mm Hg, −0.6 mm Hg, and −1.8 mm Hg, respectively). South Asian patients with poorly controlled hypertension were prescribed fewer antihypertensive medications than their black or white peers (adjusted odds ratio, 0.66; 95% confi dence interval, 0.46-0.96). CONCLUSIONS Ethnic disparities in the management of hypertension have persisted in the United Kingdom despite major investment in quality improvement initiatives, including pay for performance. These disparities are particularly marked among patients with multiple cardiovascular conditions.

Export/Citation:EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII (Chicago style) | HTML Citation | OpenURL | Reference Manager
Social Networking:

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Access to full text is subject to the publisher's access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: pay-for-performance incentives; health care disparities; ethnic disparities; hypertension; Black patients
Subjects: Health
Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Hypertension
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2008
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2011 13:22
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/1133

Actions (login required)

View Item