Minority Health Archive

Examining the Burdens of Gendered Racism: Implications for Pregnancy Outcomes Among College-Educated African American Women

Jackson, Fleda Mask and Phillips, Mona Taylor and Hogue, Carol J. Rowland and Curry-Owens, Tracy Y. (2001) Examining the Burdens of Gendered Racism: Implications for Pregnancy Outcomes Among College-Educated African American Women. Maternal and Child Health Journal,, 5 (2). pp. 95-107.

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Abstract

Objectives: As investigators increasingly identify racism as a risk factor for poor health outcomes (with implications for adverse birth outcomes), research efforts must explore individual experiences with and responses to racism. In this study, our aim was to determine how African American college-educated women experience racism that is linked to their identities and roles as African American women (gendered racism). Methods: Four hundred seventy-four (474) African American women collaborated in an iterative research process that included focus groups, interviews, and the administration of a pilot stress instrument developed from the qualitative data. Analysis of the qualitative and quantitative data from the responses of a subsample of 167 college-educated women was conducted to determine how the women experienced racism as a stressor. Results: The responses of the women and the results from correlational analysis revealed that a felt sense of obligations for protecting children from racism and the racism that African American women encountered in the workplace were significant stressors. Strong associations were found between pilot scale items where the women acknowledged concerns for their abilities to provide for their children’s needs and to the women’s specific experiences with racism in the workplace (r D 0:408, p < :001). Conclusions: We hypothesize that the stressors of gendered racism that precede and accompany pregnancy may be risk factors for adverse birth outcomes.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: stress; racism; reproductive health; pregnancy outcomes; gendered racism; African American women
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Prenatal & Pediatric Health
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Stress
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2011 17:42
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/1075

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