Minority Health Archive

Racial Differences in Prenatal Care Use in the United States: Are Disparities Decreasing?

Alexander, Greg R. and Kogan, Michael D. and Nabukera, Sara (2002) Racial Differences in Prenatal Care Use in the United States: Are Disparities Decreasing? American Journal of Public Health, 92 (12). pp. 1970-1975. ISSN 0090-0036

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Objectives. We examined trends and racial disparities (White, African American) in trimester of prenatal care initiation and adequacy of prenatal care utilization for US women and specific high-risk subgroups, e.g., unmarried, young, or less-educated mothers. Methods. Data from 1981–1998 US natality files on singleton live births to US resident mothers were examined. Results. Overall, early and adequate use of care improved for both racial groups, and racial disparities in prenatal care use have been markedly reduced, except for some young mothers. Conclusions. While improvements are evident, it is doubtful that the Healthy People 2000 objective for prenatal care will soon be attained for African Americans or Whites. Further efforts are needed to understand influences on and to address barriers to prenatal care.

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: racial disparities; prenatal care
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Prenatal & Pediatric Health
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2011 10:10
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/id/eprint/1012

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